Countries compete to force the manufacturing sector to revitalize manufacturing as a top priority
发布时间:2019-05-10 16:41      发布作者:利成机电      阅读次数:0

More than a year after the "Made in China 2025" was introduced, China has accelerated its strategic transformation from a manufacturing power to a manufacturing power. At the same time, the global manufacturing start-up countries have also proposed strategies for “revitalizing manufacturing” in recent years.

It is no accident that countries compete to compete in the manufacturing sector. Experts believe that this reflects a profound change in the manufacturing industry, which is being replaced by advanced manufacturing characterized by digitalization, networking and intelligence, which represents the future direction of global manufacturing.

Manufacturing becomes "intelligence"

The so-called advanced manufacturing is relative to traditional manufacturing. If the craftsmanship spirit has made the traditional manufacturing industry, then the advanced manufacturing industry relies on innovation.

Since the middle of the last century, with the development of information industry and high-tech, traditional manufacturing industries have continuously absorbed innovations in electronic information, computers, machinery, materials and modern management technologies, and applied these advanced technologies to the entire process of manufacturing.

“The development of digitalization, networking and intelligence in the manufacturing industry is obvious, and intelligence is its outstanding feature.” For the trend of traditional manufacturing to advanced manufacturing transformation, China’s Minister of Industry and Information Technology, Miao Wei, at the “2016 International Conference on Intelligent Manufacturing” "Sum up this way.

Germany first summarized this development trend as “Industry 4.0”. According to the German “Industry 4.0 Platform”, “Industry 4.0” represents the fourth industrial revolution and is a new level of organization and control of the full value chain in the product life cycle. Under the "Industry 4.0" condition, people, goods and systems are connected to each other to form a value-added network that is dynamic, real-time optimized, self-organizing, and cross-enterprise. This network can be optimized based on different criteria such as cost and resource consumption.

In an interview with Xinhua News Agency, the principal of the University of Sheffield in the United Kingdom pointed out that in the factory production, the concept of "Industry 4.0" is expressed as a more "smart" space: more precise mechanical and robotic equipment redefines the production area. Data-driven, automated, comprehensive, and digital-assisted assembly lines can be monitored in real time and adjusted to the needs of the plant.

“This is a new vision for the growth of the industrial sector, which will bring great changes to the demand and production capacity of the manufacturing industry. Not only will the manufacturing industry be more in line with sustainable development standards, but it will also bring greater opportunities for future growth and innovation.” Nate said.

Countries "the land of competition"

The reasons for the return of developed countries to manufacturing industry can be summarized as follows: First, a new round of manufacturing revolution is coming to the fore. Whether it can win a place in it is related to the country's future industrial layout and core competitiveness; on the other hand, 2008 financial Since the outbreak of the crisis, the economy has continued to slump, and countries have recognized the dangers of industrial hollowing out. They hope to boost the economy by “revitalizing manufacturing”.

In this context, developed countries have successively introduced relevant strategies for advanced manufacturing development around 2010.

Since 2011, the Obama administration has actively promoted the establishment of a nationwide advanced manufacturing network to help the manufacturing industry return to the United States. The main measure is to create a manufacturing innovation center combining industry, education and research through government funding, business leadership, universities and research institutions. .

The Russian government established a “strategic creative agency” in 2011 to provide strong support for advanced manufacturing development. The main tasks of the agency include accepting, reviewing and supporting various projects or plans formulated by the Russian community that have important innovative significance and impetus to the country's economic and social priority development areas. Each year, the agency submits a copy to the supervisory board chaired by Russian President Putin. The “National Technology Creativity” market development roadmap, once the projects listed are approved, will receive financial support from the Russian government and the financing and policy facilities provided by this institution.

“Industry 4.0” has evolved from a concept in Germany to a development strategy aimed at maintaining a leading position in German manufacturing. In order to promote this strategy, Germany established the “Industry 4.0 Platform” in 2013. It was jointly led by the German Federal Minister of Economy, Education and Research, and representatives from various industries, science and technology, and trade unions. It developed a series of German companies to participate in “Industry 4.0”. Practical tools, and responsible for proposing actions to the German government and enterprises, and expanding cooperation between Germany and other countries.

In response to the challenge of the decline in international competitiveness, the Nordic country Finland has also launched a program called “SISU2010”, led by the Finnish National Agency for Technology Innovation, to support manufacturing innovation from 2005 to 2009 with financial support. The five-year manufacturing innovation program has invested a total of 81 million euros, with more than 300 companies involved.

Which industries will "break out"

From the perspective of industrial layout of various countries, the Internet of Things, big data, artificial intelligence, 3D printing, clean energy, nanotechnology, virtual reality, etc. are the key points of national support, and their future development potential has already begun to emerge.

"Energy America" is one of the nine manufacturing innovation research centers designated by the Obama administration. It mainly overcomes the cost problem in the manufacturing process of the next generation of power electronic products based on wide-bandgap semiconductor technology, thus promoting the development of clean energy.

The research director of the research center, Justis, told reporters that the wide bandgap semiconductor technology has been launched for many years, with high energy-saving features, in line with the trend of clean energy development, but because of the high production costs, has not been widely used. The central project is mainly to improve the production technology of wide-bandgap semiconductor products, reduce production costs, and promote the application of such basic research results in the manufacturing field.

In February 2016, the new phase of market development roadmap reviewed and approved by Russia's “Strategic Creative Institutions” contained four major items. One of the main development directions of the “Future Factory” project was additive manufacturing based on 3D printing.

The "Shaped Print" company, which was born in the Skolkovo Park near Moscow, is a 3D printing company with international fame. Its team has provided the first small commercial satellite "Plate-Aurora" in Russia that was launched in 2014. A 3D printer for manufacturing solar panels.

Antonov, the general manager of the company, told reporters that the main manufacturing process is to incorporate the reinforcing fibers into the thermoplastic polymer during the printing process. The carbon fiber composite products made are 15 to 20 times more rigid than ordinary plastic products. It is twice as large as aluminum, but lighter than aluminum. The company is also currently a printer cabin component for European Airbus and Russian United Airlines manufacturing companies.